THE RULES OF KORFBALL
7 SANCTIONS & DISCIPLINARY
a) Place of a penalty
The penalty is taken inside the penalty area (see diagram 2) by a player of the attack zone standing immediately behind the penalty spot.
b) Conditions to take the penalty
A penalty is taken by the attacker who lost the free scoring chance, which is either
- the attacker who had or would have had the free scoring chance at the moment of the infringement;
- the attacker who would have had the free scoring chance at the moment of the repeated infringement;
If, in the opinion of the referee, no player had a free scoring opportunity at the moment of the repeated infringement, the player fouled is the penalty taker. In the specific situation under § 7.4 e) of a second infringement during the taking of a free pass that results in the award of a penalty, the penalty taker is the attacker who is taking the free pass.
Before the referee can whistle for the penalty to be taken
1 – The taker of the penalty must stand with one foot immediately behind the penalty spot and the other foot anywhere in the lighter shaded area behind the spot, shown in diagram 2(penalty area).
2 – All the other players must stand outside the penalty area.
3 – From the opposing team, all players and all persons of that team’s bench must refrain from any actions or comments that may disturb the person taking the penalty.
After the referee has whistled for the penalty to be taken
4 – Once the referee has whistled for the penalty to be taken, whenever the ball leaves the hands of the taker it must go towards the korf.
5 – The taker must not touch the penalty spot or anywhere in the darker shaded zone shown in diagram 2 (penalty area), with either foot or any part of his body, before the ball has left his hand(s).
6 – Conditions 2 and 3 (above) must be satisfied until the ball is brought into play.
c) When the ball is brought into play
The ball is brought into play as soon as it leaves the hands of the taker of the penalty.
d) How to take a penalty
There is no time limit to prepare and take the penalty.
As soon as conditions 1 and 2 (above) are satisfied the referee will blow his whistle for the penalty to be taken.
e) Infringements during the taking of a penalty
Any violation of conditions 4, 5 and 6 described above should be punished by the referee as follows:
- If committed by an attacker, the penalty shot is invalid and a re-start is award to the defending team.
- If committed by a defender, then the penalty must be retaken if there is no goal. This can be considered misbehaviour, especially when repeated.
The penalty must be retaken if it is taken before the referee has blown his whistle to indicate that the penalty may be taken.
If necessary, a penalty can be taken after the end of the playing time.